Algae

Algae Blooms at Newman Lake

We see algae blooms at Newman Lake usually in mid to late August every year and they are getting worse every year!

WHY do we see algae blooms at NL?

  • Newman Lake is a very shallow lake, and shallow lakes are more apt to have algae problems. Check out this link that helps explain it: CLICK HERE
  • In addition, sediment is the main transport of phosphorus into Newman Lake, so the more sediment that comes in through the various watersheds (most prominent is Thompson Creek, where there is a project slated for 2021, if grant funding is secured. Read about that project CLICK HERE), the lake depth will incrementally decrease over time as well, which circles back to the “shallow vs deep” lake scenario.
  • The other big phosphorus contributor – humans; with more development, and no change in regulations, human impact: older, failing septic systems; manicured and fertilized lawns versus natural vegetation buffers at lakeshore edge; shoreline erosion – contributes more sediment to lake – from boat activity, for example, all have big impacts on lake health. The more shallow the lake, the bigger that impact.
  • Eutrophication is a normal process that all lakes go through, but humans do speed that process up. Here is what eutrophication is: CLICK HERE for more info
  • CLICK HERE for additional information about lake ecology.

CLICK HERE to find out what you can do to help water quality at Newman Lake!

 

What are Cyanobacterial Harmful Algae Blooms (CyanoHABs) in Water Bodies?

Certain environmental conditions in water bodies can intensify algae growth, causing algal blooms. Blooms with the potential to harm human health or aquatic ecosystems are referred to as harmful algae blooms or HABs.

In freshwater systems, cyanobacteria (also called blue-green algae) are microorganisms that can produce HABs. Some cyanobacterial HABs, or cyanoHABs, can produce toxins. CyanoHABs and their toxins can harm people, animals, aquatic ecosystems, the economy, drinking water supplies, property values, and recreational activities, including swimming and commercial and recreational fishing.

 

More detailed information from the EPA: https://www.epa.gov/cyanohabs

Washington State Toxic Algae Website:  https://www.nwtoxicalgae.org/

 

Pets and Algae Blooms

Reports of dogs getting sick or dying after swimming in ponds, lakes, and streams are more common during the summer months.

Please be aware that dogs can be exposed to toxins by skin contact with water contaminated with cyanobacteria or toxin(s), when swallowing water while playing in the water or by licking the water off fur or hair. If you suspect your dog has been exposed to a toxic algal bloom, please seek immediate veterinary care.

Below are links to useful resources on what harmful algal blooms are, how dogs can be affected, and how to protect you pet from toxins.

EPA’s Video Protect Your Pooch from Harmful Algae Blooms

CDC’s Reference Brochure for Veterinarians

Dogs and Harmful HABs

EPA’s website How to keep your dog safe from Toxic Algae

 

What to do if you suspect a Toxic Algae Bloom:

There is now a community volunteer who has a handful of test kits at her Newman Lake home. She will be our point of contact to come take a sample, and get it off to the lab, for the duration of the summer algae season.
This will provide a more rapid response (as algae blooms can dissipate before District Staff can get out to the lake to take a sample), and will save District budget dollars by avoiding the 3-5 hours required for Staff to collect and ship a sample.
If you see an algae bloom, please send your name, a photo, and the location by text message to Dawson Matthews (County staff engineer) at (509) 867-8017.
Please be cautious around the lake water, at this time, and stay safe!
Colleen S. Little, P.E.
Environmental Programs and Floodplain Manager, and,
Newman Lake Flood Control Zone District Manager
Spokane County Public Works Department
(509) 638-5895